March is National Kidney Month, and while most people don’t think about their kidneys very often, they’re actually a vital part of our bodies. Kidneys filter our blood and remove waste from our bodies. They also help regulate our blood pressure and keep our bones healthy.
Diabetes is actually one of the leading causes of kidney disease in the United States. In this blog post, we will discuss the link between diabetes and kidney disease. We will also provide information about how to prevent kidney disease from developing in people with diabetes.
What Does Diabetes Do to the Kidneys?
Small blood vessels in the body are damaged in individuals with diabetes. When the kidneys’ blood vessels are damaged, they are unable to effectively clean your blood. Your body will retain more water and salt than it should, leading to weight gain and ankle swelling. Protein may show up in your urine and waste materials will build up in your blood.
Diabetes may also harm your nerves. This might cause problems with emptying your bladder. The pressure generated by your bladder might result in kidney damage. Urinary tract infections can also result if urine collects in your bladder for a long time. Bacteria that thrive rapidly in urine with a high sugar content may cause an infection.
How Common is Kidney Disease in Diabetes Patients?
According to the National Kidney Foundation, about 30 percent of patients with Type 1 (juvenile onset) diabetes and 10 to 40 percent of those with Type 2 (adult onset) diabetes eventually will suffer from kidney failure.
What Are Early Signs of Kidney Disease for Those with Diabetes?
An increase in albumin excretion in the urine is the earliest indication of diabetic kidney disease. This is something you should be aware of since it shows up well before your doctor’s office can detect kidney disease through routine tests. It’s critical to have this test once a year. Weight gain and ankle edema are other possible symptoms. You may also find yourself using the bathroom more at night. High blood pressure is also a sign of kidney disease.
As a diabetic, you should have your blood, urine, and blood pressure checked at least once a year. By doing so, you will have better control of your disease and get prompt treatment for high blood pressure and renal disease. Controlling your diabetes can help you avoid developing chronic kidney disease.
What Are Late Signs of Kidney Disease for Those with Diabetes?
When your kidneys begin to deteriorate, BUN levels in your blood will rise as well as the creatinine concentration in your blood. Vomiting, nausea, lack of interest in eating or activity, tiredness, itching, muscular cramps (especially in your legs), are also late signs. If you develop any of these signs, call your doctor.
How Can the Kidneys Be Kept Working as Long as Possible?
The best way to keep your kidneys functioning properly is to control your diabetes. This means keeping your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. You should also keep your blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg. If you have protein in your urine, work with your doctor on a treatment plan.
You can also protect your kidneys by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking medications as prescribed by your doctor. Quitting smoking will also help reduce the risk of kidney disease.
If you have diabetes, it’s important to monitor your kidney function closely. Work with your healthcare team to create a plan that’s right for you and helps you prevent or delay kidney disease.
How Is Kidney Failure Treated in Diabetic Patients?
Three types of treatment can be used once your kidneys have failed: receiving a kidney transplant, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
A kidney transplant is the best option. It will allow you to live a normal life with few restrictions. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are two other treatment options that can help extend your life.
Can a Patient with Diabetes Have a Kidney Transplant
Yes, but the process is more complicated. A patient with diabetes has an increased risk of developing infection and rejection. You will need to work closely with your transplant team to ensure a successful transplant.
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
Kidney failure is a serious complication of diabetes, but it can be prevented. By keeping your blood sugar levels under control, you can help delay or prevent kidney disease altogether. Work with your healthcare team to create a plan that’s right for you and helps you prevent or delay kidney disease.